Transcarpathian region

Transcarpathian region

The Transcarpathian region is located on the southwestern slopes and foothills of the Eastern Carpathians, and also includes the Transcarpathian lowland. In the south it borders with Romania (Satu Mare and Maramuresh), in the southwest - with the Hungarian Copper Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg, in the west - with the Prešov and Kosice regions of Slovakia and in the north with the Podkarpackie Voivodeship of Poland. It is the only region of Ukraine bordering Slovakia and Hungary. It is also the only region of Ukraine bordering four foreign countries. Thus, the Transcarpathian region is a kind of Ukrainian "window to Europe". In the north and east the region borders with two other regions of Ukraine - Lviv and Ivano-Frankivsk. In terms of area, the oblast occupies a penultimate place among the twenty-four Ukrainian regions, outpacing only the Chernivtsi region.

The territory of the region is 12 753 km², the population of the reference is 1 259 068 people (as of September 1, 2014), which corresponds to 2.11% of the territory and 2.78% of the population of Ukraine.

About 80% of the territory of the region consists of the Carpathian Mountains, located on the three main ridges (Verkhovinsky ridge, Divide ridge and Poloninsky ridge), as well as the Volcanic Carpathians ridge and four smaller but higher mountain ranges (Chernogorsk, Gorvyssovy). The peaks of the Montenegrin Range are the highest in the territory of Ukraine - the peaks of Pop-Ivan, Brebeneskul and Petros exceed 2 km in height, and Mount Goverla reaches a height of 2061 m, being the highest point of the region and Ukraine. From the northeastern slopes of the Carpathians, Transcarpathia is separated by passes: Yablunetsky (Yablonitsky), Torun, Uzhok, Veretsky, Volovetsky and Legionov altitudes from 931 to 1110 m above sea level. Most of the population lives on the Transcarpathian lowland (up to 250 m high), occupying just under 20% of the territory of the region.

9429 rivers and streams flow in the region. The largest of these is the Tisza (Tissa), the left tributary of the Danube, formed with the confluence of the White and Black Tisza. Within the boundaries of the region, its length is 240 km. All major rivers of the region flow either into Tisza itself, including Borzhava, Rika, Teresva and Tereblya, or to Bodrog in Slovakia (Latoritsa and Uzh). There are 137 natural lakes in the region, mainly of glacial origin, the largest and deepest Transcarpathian lake is Synevyr.

In Transcarpathia, a temperate continental climate dominates with a predominant influence of the Atlantic.

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